Subject Area: Archeology

AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF ARTPARK AND THE LOWER LANDING, LEWISTON, NEW YORK
In cooperation with The Lewiston Historical Society and The Anthropology Department of the State University of New York at Buffalo
Scott, Stuart
1993 0-7734-9280-1 264 pages
In cooperation with The Lewiston Historical Society and The Anthropology Department of the State University of New York at Buffalo. An archaeological and historical study of Artpark. This site on the eastern banks of the Niagara River in the Town of Lewiston, New York, is situated directly under the Niagara Escarpment, on land that millions of years ago was several times covered by oceans. It is now a center for the performing and visual arts.

An Ethnoarchaeological Analysis of Human Functional Dynamics in the Volta Basin in Ghana
Agorsah, E. Kofi
2003 0-7734-6677-0 508 pages
This study examines the functional adaptation of traditional societies to changing economic, social and spatial transformations in the Volta Basin of Ghana, in particular the changes caused by the construction of the Akosombo Dam in the early 1960’s and its effect on two Volta Basin communities displaced by the flood waters. It introduces the history of some of the core West African ethnic groups who laid the foundation for the development of cultural traditions in the area. A special feature of the book is that it identifies natural and cultural environments on an equal basis. It also identifies individual and group response to the transformations that created new and challenging conditions. Methodologically, the book employs an objective application of the principles of ethnoarchaeology to identify progressive societal adaptive strategies, which include settlement patterns, building technology, oral traditions, religion and ritual, marriage and death customs. The book is a result of over twenty years of research in the Volta Basin, living among and sharing knowledge with the people. With many illustrations.

An Ethnogeography of Late Medieval Bruges - Evolution of the Corporate Milieu 1280-1349
Boogaart, Thomas A.
2004 0-7734-6421-2 510 pages
This work uses an ethnogeographic approach to synthesize commonly partitioned material and archival evidence to examine the urban history and cultural geography of Medieval Bruges from 1280-1349.

Ancient Hadramawt - Discoveries by the Russian Archaeologists in S. Arabia Vol. One: Text
Sedov, A.
2001 0-7734-3400-3 568 pages


Ancient Hadramawt - Discoveries by the Russian Archaeologists in S. Arabia Vol. Two: Illustrations
Sedov, A.
2001 0-7734-3325-2 196 pages


Andrew Ellicott Douglass and the Role of the Giant Sequoia in the Development of Dendrochronology
McGraw, Donald
2001 0-7734-7418-8 130 pages


Biblical Interpretation using Archaeological Evidence, 1900-1930
Elliott, Mark
2002 0-7734-7146-4 316 pages
This study explores how traditional scholars seized upon archaeology to advocate biblical truth. It examines the conflict between critical theories of biblical interpretation and traditional methods. It delineates the tension between scholarship and the business of theology in the process of evaluation of the archaeological evidence at the beginning of the 20th century.

Bibliography of Syrian Archaeological Sites to 1980
Bybee, Howard
1995 0-7734-9040-X 248 pages
This volume brings under one cover over 1,800 citations about archaeological excavation in Syria from about 1900 to 1980. This bibliography provides students and scholars with an important source for background study into the rise of civilization and its modern antecedents. Entries from popular literature are not included nor is the vast epigraphical literature unless accounts of the discovery of epigraphical inscriptions contained archaeological descriptions.

Biography of Distinguished Scientist Gilbert Newton Lewis
Lewis, Edward
1998 0-7734-8284-9 152 pages
Biography (by his son) of Gilbert Newton Lewis (1875-1946), famous chemist and scientist, who was chairman of the chemistry department and dean of the College of Chemistry at University of California. The inclusion of a description of family life and personal life, as well as comments from other distinguished scientists, provides information not available elsewhere. This biography is informal, and will be a valuable reference to anyone undertaking a related study. Includes photographs.

Branched Geodesics: Geometrical Theory of Local Minimal Networks
Ivanov, A.
1999 0-7734-3178-0 456 pages
The book is devoted to investigation of branched extremals of various one-dimensional variational functionals of the length functional type. These extremals have the structure of graphs mapped into Riemannian manifolds. The edges of them are geodesics meeting at the vertices in a way depending on the functional. Such network appeared first as solutions of the well-known Steiner Problem. These extremals turn to be important for various applications such as transportation problem, chip design, extrapolation of polygenetic trees, etc. The book presents as the modern state of the minimal networks theory as the review on classical results.

Caesarea Maritima the Pottery and Dating of Vault I: Horreum, Mithraeum, and Later Uses
Horton, Fred
1990 0-88946-377-8
A report based largely on ceramic materials recovered from Vault I during the Joint Expedition to Caesarea Maritima, which began in 1971. By Jeffrey Blakeley, with contributions by Marvin E. Bennett, Robert J. Bennett, Robert Brinkmann, Robert J. Bull, Glenn Hartelius, and Peter Lampinen. Oversize edition.

Career Biography of Gaspard Clair FranÇois Marie Riche De Prony, Bridge-Builder, Educator and Scientist
Bradley, Margaret
1998 0-7734-8485-X 452 pages
This volume tells the story, largely unknown, of a major figure in French engineering and engineering education through the Revolutionary, Napoleonic and Bourbon periods to the first years following the revolution of 1830. Prony is best-known today for creating a massive collection of mathematical tables in the 1790s, the largest ever compiled; and for the dynamometer for measuring the work-rate of waterwheels and related hydraulic machines. He was also a founder-professor of mathematics at the École Polytechnique, and director of the École Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, exercising much influence on the national body of civil engineers. This volume not only describes Prony's life and work, but presents selections (in French) of the many manuscripts Prony left behind. Prony is an example of the ingénieur savant, the scientist concerned with both teaching and research in engineering issues.

Case for New Paradigms in Cell Biology and in Neurobiology
Hillman, Harold
1991 0-7734-9690-4 356 pages
Based on observations in living cells and the laws of solid geometry and thermodynamics, the structure of the living cell has been reexamined. The cytoskeleton, the endoplasmic reticulum, the nuclear pores, and the apparent trilaminar appearance of the cell membranes, have been shown to be artifacts of electron microscopy. The synapses and neuroglial cells have been reexamined, and the case has been made out for entirely new paradigms, with consideration of the reactions to this fundamental reappraisal.

Charles Hodge's Critique of Darwinism
Wells, Jonathan
1988 0-88946-671-8 242 pages
A study that achieves special relevance because of the controversy lately reintroduced into public consciousness by the scientific creationists. Corrects the record regarding the actual nature of Hodge's response.

Christian Inscription at Pompeii
Berry, Paul
1995 0-7734-8899-5 84 pages


Concept of an Atom. From Democritus to John Dalton
McDonnell, John
1992 0-7734-9649-1 144 pages
This is an investigation into the ages long discussion about whether primary indivisible bodies exist, from Democritus in the fifth century BC, to John Dalton in 1802. Investigates Aristotle's opposition to the first and whether the Democritean atom is the same as the Daltonian atom.

Corpus of Ammonite Inscriptions
Aufrecht, Walter
1989 0-88946-089-2 516 pages
Presents a complete discussion, bibliography, and analysis of all published inscriptions that have been identified as Ammonite. Contains numerous illustrative photographs.

Cult of the matronae in the Roman Rhineland: An Historical Evaluation of the Archaeological Evidence
Garman, Alex Gustav
2008 0-7734-5224-9 196 pages
This book examines the cult of the Matronae as it occurred in the Roman Rhineland and explains the symbolism and inscriptions found on the altars. The work reviews previous scholarship on the subject, investigates ideas of Romanization, and concepts of bias and cultural exchange. This book contains six black and white photographs.

Duration and Political Nature of the Inca Empire
Baker, Robert
2014 0-7734-0086-9 308 pages
A fascinating resource on the evolution of the Inca Empire and, in particular, the creation of chronology and genealogy of the Inca dynasty. The work argues that the Incas, both as an ethnic group in the Cuzco region and as an empire, lasted a lot longer than presently thought.

Econometric and Forecasting Models
Putcha, Chandrasekhar
2013 0-7734-4496-3 268 pages
This book is an interdisciplinary compilation of articles written by various professors and practitioners working in the general area of economics, forecasting and allied fields. A diverse range of interesting articles, such as, tourism, outsourcing, unemployment, inflation, housing prices, infectious disease control, provide the reader a unique perspective about the existing research on that topic, using quantitative methods.

Empirical Evidence for the Non-Material Nature of Consciousness
Schins, Juleon M.
2004 0-7734-6557-X 284 pages
A challenging work that founds a theory of knowledge on the mathematical insights of Kurt Gödel and Roger Penrose. This is a study on the dual (material and non-material) nature of consciousness. It is an answer to the tremendous problems materialism faces when trying to define consciousness, a recent phenomenon called the ‘incompleteness’ of sciences, and the philosophical urge to unify common-sense causality and quantum causality. The study also treats four examples of incompleteness (mathematics, physics, biology, and ethology) and shows that only the postulate of a non-material human mind can account for these empirical data.

Ethical Standards and Professional Credentials in the Practice of Exercise Physiology
Boone, Tommy
2007 0-7734-5245-1 432 pages
This is a book about ethics and professionalism in the practice of exercise physiology. Implications of unprofessional behavior are discussed, how to anticipate legal issues, and the future career expectations of exercise physiologists in healthcare. The author shares a academic vision for the future that requires serious analysis and decision-making on behalf of all exercise physiologists.

Evolution of the Eye From Algae and Jellyfish to Humans: How Vision Adapts to Environment
Hudson, Arthur J.
2010 0-7734-3699-2 176 pages
This book offers a contextual analysis of the deviations and similarities in cross species eye structures. It questions the role of evolutionary processes such as random mutations, and genetic control mechanisms.

Explaining the Growth of Scientific Knowledge Metaphors, Models, and Meanings
Rothbart, Daniel
1997 0-7734-8721-2 170 pages
This study explains scientific progress through analogical cross-fertilization of ideas between distinct physical systems. In many cases progress can be generated from a radically new juxtaposition of apparently incongruous physical systems, producing original horizons of intellectual vision. The work will be of interest to philosophers who examine issues related to the study of metaphor and analogy, and those who study the conditions and limits of scientific knowledge, the relationship between instrumental findings and theoretical progress, and the realism/antirealism debate.

Feasible Goals Method. Mathematical Foundations and Environmental Applications
Lotov, A.V.
1999 0-7734-3202-7 412 pages
The work examines the new graphic computer-based approach to the selection of efficient preferable decisions from an infinite number of feasible decision alternatives. The approach, which is based on the mathematical theory of approximation of multi-dimensional bodies, develops the ideas of the goal method and of the multiple criteria decision making. Mathematical foundations and environmental applications of the approach are described. Integration of the approach with modern information technologies is considered. Applications via computer networks are discussed. The book can be used by graduate and postgraduate university students. Large part of the book is written in a simple form and can be assessed by any computer-literate person.

First Cosmonaut. The Story of His Life and Death
Belotskerlovskii, S. M.
1999 0-7734-3224-8 340 pages


Functional Approach to Educational Research Methods and Statistics- Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches
Ayiro, Laban
2012 0-7734-2901-8 604 pages
An informative text on educational research and statistics, this book tries to utilize outcomes of research for the benefit of humanity. Examines how research is conducted across the major traditions of educational research (quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods). It is designed for graduate students who want to pursue statistics, and it will help them to write their thesis. The book fulfills a need for a systematic account of research concepts and the use of statistics for advanced students.

General Survey of Coinage in the Roman Empire A.d. 294-408 and Its Relationship to Roman Military Deployment
Nicklas, Steven
1995 0-7734-9104-X 384 pages
This volume elucidates the effects of Roman military deployment and political control on the distribution of coinage in the late Roman Empire, dealing quantitatively with archaeological numismatics: site-find material. A separate corpus was compiled for each of the 12 dioceses created by Diocletian at the beginning of the fourth century (except the Dioceses of Pontica), and an effort was made to collect data from at least five sites within each province of each diocese. In the final analysis, a sample population of approximately 65,000 coins was compiled from 135 archaeological sites across the Empire. Numismatic data was then utilized to provide evidence, or supplement existing evidence for Roman military activity in specific regions.

Greek Popular Meteorology From Antiquity to the Present: The Folk-Interpretation of Celestial Signs
Cronin, Patrick
2010 0-7734-3657-X 436 pages
This book, the only one of its kind in the English language, examines the attempts of the Greeks to predict weather change by means of naked-eye observation of celestial phenomena, unaided by scientific meteorology.

Hebrew-English Paleo Exodus Scripture at the End of the Second Iron Period
Phillips, David
2004 0-7734-6315-1 349 pages
Exodus lies at the foundation of Judeo-Christian culture and this book presents the original version, the earliest copy. The most important difference occurs in Chapter 20, which is twice as large as the common Masoretic version and contains the extraordinary 10th Commandment, the paragraph which enjoins “...on Mount Gerizim as I command you today. There you shall build an altar to Yahweh your God...” On the right hand page is the translation. For the first time this version is easily accessible.

Hegel's Science of Logic and Global Climate Change
Borchers, Scott
2007 0-7734-5280-X 204 pages
This study renders Hegel's Science of Logic intelligible through clear, empirical illustrations, and brings Hegel's complex philosophical ideas to life in a visceral, level-headed manner. It does so by elucidating the conceptual structure of Hegel's Science of Logic with concrete examples from global climate change. One can read the Science of Logic as a treatise on relations. Since climate change is brought about through a system of relations, this work plugs in the appropriate examples to illustrate Hegel's philosophical concepts, and shows how the nuanced account of relations found in Hegel's Science of Logic can be seen at work, empirically, in various facets of climate change. In turn, Hegel's Science of Logic provides a framework for addressing features of climate change such as understanding how it works, assessing its risks and impacts, and providing ethical arguments for mitigating climate change.

Hellenistic Temple at Tel Beersheva
Derfler, Steven
1993 0-7734-9301-8 328 pages
As we learn more about cultic tradition of ancient Israel, and the carryovers into the Hellenistic world, the site of Beersheva grows in importance. Long a site of cultic significance, the excavations revealed the only full-sized Israelite horned altar of the 10th-8th centuries BCE, and the probable location of only the second confirmed temple complex (archaeologically) of ancient Israel's monarchy. Between 1973-1975, a temple complex was cleared dating to the late Hellenistic/Hasmonean era of the 3rd-2nd centuries BCE. Starting life as a pagan place of worship, it was later converted and cleansed during the reign of John Hyrcanus I. This archaeological evidence helps us to understand the development of Jewish syncretic religion in the face of Hellenism, and to clarify and confirm the accounts of John Hyrcanus I.

Herbert Butterfield- Essays on the History of Science
Schweizer, Karl
2005 0-7734-8264-4 160 pages
This collection of essays presents Herbert Butterfield's insights into and ideas concerning the history of science. The introduction analyzes the central ideas and themes running through the essays.

History of Galileo’s Inclined Plane Experiment and Its Philosophical Implications
Palmieri, Paolo
2011 0-7734-1481-9 220 pages
The book is a history and philosophy of Galileo's inclined plane experiment. It deploys an integrated historical pragmatist methodology to reflect on what we can learn from those events and their significance for our understanding of experimental practice in science.

History of Metaphors of Nature
Norwick, Stephen A.
2006 0-7734-5592-2 492 pages
Modern European languages have a large number of metaphors which represent the whole of nature. Many of these, such as Mother Nature, the celestial harmony, the great chain of being, and the book of nature, are used in natural science and in literature. Most of these words can be traced back into prehistory where they arose mythologically from the same small set of images. Metaphors have a powerful influence on the framing of scientific hypothesis making, and so these words have guided the history of natural science, for good or ill, for several millennia. Newtonian mechanics, for example was motivated by the idea of celestial harmony, whereas Darwin used the images of the great chain of being and Mother Nature, and James Hutton created modern geology and ecology by mixing the images of nature as the macrocosm, and as a machine.

The images elicited by these phrases have also been important in the development of the positive feeling for nature, which existed in the Hellenic and Hellenistic society, which was lost in the Middle Ages, and which has been developing again since the Renaissance, and especially since Earth Day, 1970. Each chapter in this book is a parallel longitudinal history of a word or phrase which represents the whole of nature, and which has influenced natural science and general literature, and especially North American Nature writing. Ironically, as natural science developed, and enabled our technological society to destroy natural areas more and more rapidly, science strengthened the fundamental images of nature, and was used by nature writers to encourage a revaluing of the natural world.

History of Metaphors of Nature
Norwick, Stephen A.
2006 0-7734-5593-0 484 pages
Modern European languages have a large number of metaphors which represent the whole of nature. Many of these, such as Mother Nature, the celestial harmony, the great chain of being, and the book of nature, are used in natural science and in literature. Most of these words can be traced back into prehistory where they arose mythologically from the same small set of images. Metaphors have a powerful influence on the framing of scientific hypothesis making, and so these words have guided the history of natural science, for good or ill, for several millennia. Newtonian mechanics, for example was motivated by the idea of celestial harmony, whereas Darwin used the images of the great chain of being and Mother Nature, and James Hutton created modern geology and ecology by mixing the images of nature as the macrocosm, and as a machine.

The images elicited by these phrases have also been important in the development of the positive feeling for nature, which existed in the Hellenic and Hellenistic society, which was lost in the Middle Ages, and which has been developing again since the Renaissance, and especially since Earth Day, 1970. Each chapter in this book is a parallel longitudinal history of a word or phrase which represents the whole of nature, and which has influenced natural science and general literature, and especially North American Nature writing. Ironically, as natural science developed, and enabled our technological society to destroy natural areas more and more rapidly, science strengthened the fundamental images of nature, and was used by nature writers to encourage a revaluing of the natural world.

HOW MESOPOTAMIAN SCRIBES LEARNED TO WRITE LEGAL DOCUMENTS:
A Study of the Sumerian Model Contracts in the Babylonian Collection at Yale University
Bodine, Walter R.
2015 0-7734-3537-9 344 pages
A remarkable and important work that provides insight into social and economic activities provided to us in the cuneiform records of ancient periods revealing how these activities were negotiated and regulated by laws and contracts, through records of the Sumerian model contracts from the Mesopotamian scribal school curriculum. An essential reference work for any student of ancient Mesopotamian history and comparative law.

Immediate Distant Action and Correlation in Modern Physics: The Balanced Universe
Pope, N. Vivian, Anthony D. Osborne and Alan F. T. Winfield
2005 0-7734-6064-0 328 pages
The author advances and extends the debate on unmediated instantaneous action and correlation at a distance. It is a coherent collection of contributions, by an international group of science scholars, resulting from a series of workshops held at the University of Wales, Swansea, in 2001 and 2002. The editors of this book share a common view that action or correlation at a distance is simply a fact of nature. From that starting point, it offers a number of different arguments, analyses and theoretical perspectives. The book does not represent the end of the debate, but rather a beginning, which could lead to a new physics and a more accurate view of nature.

Indeterminate Structural Analysis
Derucher, Kenneth N.
2013 0-7734-4470-X 128 pages
This textbook covers the analysis of indeterminate structures by force method, displacement method and stiffness method in a total of six chapters which can be covered in a single course on indeterminate structural analysis. It includes an as-needed discussion of the unit load method, which is arguably the best method to calculate deflections when solving problems by the force method.

Ireland's Pre-Celtic Archaeological and Anthropological Heritage
Thompson, Tok Freeland
2006 0-7734-5880-8 220 pages
This work challenges current trends in thinking about Ireland and Celticity. Drawing on a wide range of disciplinary outlooks – including Archaeology, Folklore, Linguistics, History, Genetics and more – the author asserts that the pre-Celtic people’s cultures, and their contributions to traditional and modern Irish life, have been vastly under-appreciated. This work seeks to understand why this is so, and to redress that balance by partaking in an investigation of the evidence as well as by demonstrating how that evidence has been constructed. The author does not assume a priori neither the “invasion” hypothesis of Celtic people and cultures, nor the “immobilism” hypothesis which states that the idea of the Celts is a recent one, unconnected to actual peoples in the past. The result is a detailed study into the varied processes involved in the creation of the past, and a new, if perhaps controversial, picture of “Celtic” Ireland.

Isaac Newton's Philosophy of Sacred Space and Sacred Time
Gregory Gillette
2007 0-7734-5406-3 136 pages
This book provides an analysis of the concepts of space and time in the thought and writings of Sir Isaac Newton, attempting to illustrate his portrayal of both of these as sacred, not merely material entities. This book offers an interesting contribution to current debates concerning the relationship between science and religion, and will appeal to those who study the philosophy of religion, theology, and the history of science.

Kant and Mathematics Today. Between Epistemology and Exact Sciences
Fang, J.
1997 0-7734-8511-2 392 pages
This study will lead to a picture of Kant and his first Critique quite different from most if not all earlier versions. It examines the first Critique as a whole, without becoming stuck in a quagmire of microscopic topics, and limits the study strictly relative to mathematics. The greatest emphasis is on the relevance and compatibility between Kant's epistemology and mathematics proper in the mainstream, yesterday, today, and tomorrow. This study draws the boldest line of demarcation between mathematics and meta-mathematics.

LANGUAGE PRACTICES IN SCHOOL MATHEMATICS: A School Semiotic Approach
Chapman, Anne P.
2002 0-7734-6967-2 220 pages
With a view to contributing to understanding the nature and role of language in mathematics education, this book examines spoken language practices. The book demonstrates that learning mathematics is very much a matter of learning to speak ‘properly.’ There is a pervasive and continual requirement, often hidden in everyday classroom practices, to shift towards increasingly mathematical language. The outcomes of the research reported here affirm the value of viewing language and mathematics learning from a social semiotic perspective and help further our understandings about the construction of a social semiotic theory of classroom education, both in school mathematics and across the curriculum.

Life and Institutions of the Aramaic People: A Social History
Stubbs, Elsina
2010 0-7734-3794-0 300 pages
This study examines not only the history of the Aramaic people but also their culture and tradition, with special reference to the law and slavery and the status of women.

Line Diagrams for Logic. Drawing Conclusions
Englebretson, George
1999 0-7734-8190-7 120 pages
This book makes two important contributions to philosophical scholarship. It presents a number of reasons for the reinstatement of a traditional terminist logic, contributing to the ongoing debate concerning the proper connections between formal logic, natural language, artificial reasoning, and mathematics. This debate touches of number of crucial areas in logic, cognitive psychology, artificial intelligence research, and linguistics. As well, the system of linear diagrams for logic presented here allows for the first time ever the diagrammatic analysis of all the kinds of inferences (in particular, those involving relationals) within the scope of modern standard logic.

Lost Notebooks of Robert Burkitt, Maya Linguist: A Record of Languages of Ancient Guatemala
Weeks, John M., and Elin C. Danien
2008 0-7734-5055-6 680 pages
This work makes accessible rare, collected linguistic data from the late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth centuries. The study presents the earliest reliable records of a number of Mayan languages, as opposed to previous materials written primarily by colonial sources.

MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE CURRICULUM CHANGE IN THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
Liu, Xiufeng
1996 0-7734-8863-4 204 pages
This volume systematically reviews the history and current situation of school math and science. It critically examines the evolution of Chinese school math and science curriculum and instruction, concluding that Chinese math and science are socially and politically constructed and defined.

Memoirs of Chemistry (1856) by C. J. Koene
McMenamin, Mark A. S.
2007 0-7734-5319-9 252 pages
This work reproduces C. J. Koene’s collection of seminal, but little known articles on analytical chemistry, published in book form in 1856. This book, presented here in its original French with a facing-page English translation, is a foundational document in experimental and environmental chemistry, and is extensively annotated with footnotes relating Koene’s writings to both earlier and later works. Koene can now be recognized as one of the founders of environmental chemistry and earth system science, a research field that is of great contemporary interest to geologists, geochemists, paleoclimatologists, environmental consultants and atmospheric chemists.

Metaphysics of the Computer - The Reality Machine and a New Science for the Holistic Age
Moore, D.J.
1992 0-7734-2302-8 392 pages
The Oral and Written Traditions were founded on distinct discursive technologies by which knowledge could be expressed. With the advent of computers, a new discursive technology becomes possible, a radically different epistemological paradigm which, in turn, will pave the way for a new kind of science - the science of totality: holistic science. This new science will elaborate the a priori shapes and structures to which both reality, and knowledge of reality, must accord. Some of the elementary structures and principles of this unifying science and its tool - the Reality Machine - are sketched out in this book. These fundamental building blocks of knowledge are mostly unearthed from the sacred works and the esoteric sciences of antiquity. The book illustrates the concepts with examples in economics, physics, religion and computers.

National Assessment of Mathematics Participation in the United States. A Survival Analysis Model for Describing Students' Academic Careers
Ma, Xin
1997 0-7734-2222-6 204 pages
Researchers have not been able to provide policy makers with reliable answers to their basic concerns: how serious is mathematics dropout in US high schools, and what can be done to stop or reduce it, in concern for the future of a society and work force whose main functions are based more and more on elaborate sophisticated mathematical models, elaborate accounting systems, and computerized data analysis. This study tackles those problems empirically and methodologically. It estimates the probability of students' dropping out, conditional on psychological and sociological variables over a six-year period (grades 7-12); identifies conditions that substantially affect the probability of dropout; traces the development of students' decisions to avoid mathematics courses. It is the first book to employ survival analysis in educational research, and to use national data to address mathematics participation of US students.

New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts Vol. 2. Applications to Chronology
Fomenko, A.T.
1999 0-7734-3134-9 588 pages
The author, one of the most outstanding contemporary mathematicians, concentrates on the development of a new mathematical chronology of ancient history. Noting the contradictions and gaps of the accepted traditional chronology of ancient and medieval worlds, applying the modern mathematical methods to the analysis of historical data, the author formulates a new version of ancient chronology which is most dramatically different from the traditional one.

Nubia and Egypt 10,000 B. C. to 400 A. D.
Ross, Larry
2013 0-7734-2646-9 284 pages
Ross is the first scholar to argue that there is a shared origin of Nile Valley Civilization between Nubian and Egyptian cultures. Nubia today is known as the nation-states of Sudan and South Sudan, and has been misrepresented for thousands of years by Egyptian sources, which minimized the role the people played in world history. This book draws on recent archaeological findings that claim Pharonic symbolism, sacred bark, and serekh, are of Nubian origin, not Egyptian. The author provides an updated re-examination of the Meroitic Period (300 B.C. – 400 A.D.) in lieu of this new information.

Numbers and Numeracy in Chinese Culture, Language and Education: The Social Substratum of the Development of Mathematical Thinking
Pellatt, Valerie
2007 0-7734-5255-9 156 pages
This study explores the way in which mathematics and calculation have developed against the background of indigenous Chinese philosophy, scientific thinking and statecraft. By examining certain historical, cultural, educational and linguistic phenomena the work illustrates how China has always possessed a number-rich culture and that, as the country becomes modernized, it is becoming more so. This book contains 8 color photographs.

Origins of Scientific Learning
French, Sara L. & Kay Etheridge
2007 0-7734-5369-5 248 pages
The papers in this volume contribute to the interdisciplinary study dramatic transformations in a wide array of human endeavors (political, artistic, literary, scientific and technological) in Early Modern Europe. All but one of the essays presented here are revised and extended versions of papers delivered at a conference sponsored by Binghamton University’s Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies in 2004 centered on the theme of “Science, Literature, and the Arts in the Medieval and Early Modern World”. This book contains five Black and White photographs and seven color photographs.

Periodic Systems and Their Relation to the Systematic Analysis of Molecular Data
Hefferlin, Ray
1989 0-88946-032-9 663 pages
First book in a rapidly expanding area bridging physics and chemistry. Includes the construction of diatomic and larger molecules, representations of observed periodicities in molecular date and also defines variables which have been used for the successful interpolative prediction of over 1000 molecular data.

Philosophical Mathematics of Isaac Barrow (1630-1677). Conserving the Ancient Greek Geometry of the Euclidean School
Gillette, Gregory
2009 0-7734-4772-5 240 pages
Isaac Barrow largely responsible for that preservation and promulgation of the Euclidean tradition which, on the one hand, invigorated the physical science and mathematics of Newton and others, and on the other hand, allowed for an ongoing engagement with classical Greek mathematics, which continues down to the present day. Barrow’s philosophy of mathematics remains relevant to many key issues still at the forefront of modern philosophies of mathematics.

Philosophy of Mathematics. The Invisible Art
Anglin, W.
1997 0-7734-8706-9 260 pages
This book is organized around the distinction between finite and infinite. It includes a brief overview of what different philosophers have said about infinity, and looks at some of the arguments to the effect that one should adopt a pro-infinity attitude. Other chapters contain an exposition of the ontological 'schools'; interactions among these schools and various theories of truth; the relationship between mathematics and values; a history of mathematics; an analysis of mathematical knowledge in terms of some traditional epistemological distinctions; the role of mathematics in education; the implications of religion for the philosophy of mathematics; and finally, reference to mathematical objects. This is a non-technical overview of the central issues in the Philosophy of Mathematics, an insightful but broad picture.

Poe's Eureka, Erasmus Darwin, and Discourses of Radical Science in Britain and America, 1770--1850
Scholnick, Robert
2018 1-4955-0695-9 140 pages
Dr. Scholnick argues that Poe recognized that 'science" was not a unitary endeavor. Like Shelley, who was influenced by Erasmus Darwin and Hawthorne among others, Poe understood that science was inherently political, and he wrote critically of the famous Bridgewater Treatises, which were commissioned in Britain in the 1830s to demonstrate God's continuing providence. The radical tradition enabled Poe to separate himself from the dominant assumptions of natural theology of his time about such matters as Special Creation and the Fixity of Species.

Proposing a New Scientific Method and Biosocial Theory to Explain Western Society
Baker, F.
1998 0-7734-8310-1 176 pages
Creates solid conceptual ground for a new start in biosocial theory because its method draws on two major episodes in the discovery of general theory: a method of comparison and classification, practiced explicitly in the Daltonian episode and tacitly in the Newtonian. The result, 'Compositional Theory', is used to interpret Western history and our present situation. The book raises timely issues not only for the philosophy of science and social science, but also for anyone concerned about the current ordeal of the modern outlook.

Prosopographical Study of the Ancient Persians Royal and Noble C. 550-450 B. C.
Balcer, Jack
1993 0-7734-9372-7 380 pages
During the first century of the Achaemenid Empire the royal family and nobles, often related by marriage, controlled the political and military positions in the elaborate imperial structure. This monograph, based largely upon the ancient Greek texts that provide patronymics and familial connections, analyzes the personal relations of 317 royal and noble men, women, and children. A brief historical sketch is provided for each, accompanied by references to the ancient Greek and Latin sources, and a limited number of ancient Persian sources, to provide extensive notations for further research. The Greek and Latin sources are analyzed for their historical merit. Kingship is explored in detail. Study of the women and children of the royal harem includes issues of marriage, eunuchs, concubines, and pederasty. Both the political and military roles of the young men are analyzed. Prosopographical problems are also addressed.

Public Affairs Research Methods. A Quantitative Introduction
Bennett, Scott
1996 0-7734-8770-0 392 pages
This is one of the most comprehensive introductory texts ever written on quantitative research methods for the study of public affairs. It is relevant to research methods in traditional disciplines such as political science, political economy, public administration, public policy, government relations and international relations. The entire research process from conception to analysis and reporting is covered in detail.

Quaker Approaches to Moral Issues in Genetics
Scully, Jackie Leach
2002 0-7734-7064-6 296 pages


Red River Gold Mines of Northern Taos County, New Mexico. An Annotated Bibliography of Geology, History and Historical Archaeology
Burney, Michael S.
2015 1-4955-0330-5 608 pages
This remarkable compilation is intended as a list of cultural resource management (CRM) sources to be used by investigators pursuing hard-rock gold mining archaeological research and its role in the cultural heritage of the American West. This is an invaluable bibliography for archaeologists, geologists, historians, and miners and has never been available before in one comprehensive text.


Reenacting Galileo’s Experiments: Rediscovering the Techniques of Seventeenth-Century Science
Palmieri, Paolo
2008 0-7734-5018-1 304 pages
This book explores the innovative methodology—experimental philosophy of Galileo. The author’s own methodology consists of identifying frameworks of dependencies that bond texts within broader traditions and in articulating the consequences of assumptions in rendering texts meaningful to historical actors.

In addition to the text of this book, readers are invited to consult the corresponding website of the Experimental History and Philosophy of Science Research Unit at the University of Pittsburgh (www.exphps.org).
This website contains a series of videos illustrating some recently performed reconstructions of Galileo’s experiments and a 68 page-long report of the team’s reenactment of them.

Rethinking 1 Corinthians 11:2-16 through Archaeological and Moral-Rhetorical Analysis
Blattenberger, David
1997 0-7734-8562-7 104 pages
". . . a genuine contribution to research. The cultural practice which Paul recommends here has bedeviled interpreters for years, and thus further investigation is warranted, especially since we now have the capability to search Greek literature in a comprehensive way through computer analysis. Blattenberger argues that the custom in view is not veiling nor does Paul demand the wearing of a shawl when women pray or prophesy. The cultural practice in view relates, says Blattenberger, to the way a woman wears her hair . . . . Blattenberger has made a good case for his proposal, and his evidence must be seriously considered by scholars in identifying the practice commanded in 1 Cor. 11:2-16." - Thomas R. Schreiner ". . . provides a discussion of important issues that many will find significant for their own work in this area." - E. Earle Ellis

Rise of the Church of Russia in 9-14th Centuries: Medieval Russian Christian Culture From the Literary Sources and Archeological Evidence
Moussin, Alexander
2001 0-7734-3372-4 604 pages
Work examines the problems of the Russian Church and Russian medieval culture inclusive of ancient Russian literature and also archeology. The author's research is complemented by 93 beautiful illustrations, extensive bibliography full index, drawings and maps.

Role of Geographer and Natural Scientist Henri François Pittier (1857-1950) in the Evolution of Geography as a Science in Costa Rica
Yacher, Leon I.
2004 0-7734-6338-0 307 pages
Swiss born Henri François Pittier played a central role in the evolution of geography as a science in Costa Rica. By the end of his life, Pittier had published over 300 papers, several monographs and books in various languages in three continents on a wide variety of subjects including geography, botany, forestry, archeology, ethnography, linguistics, geology, and climatology.

Pittier has been overlooked as a geographer. This work traces the development of Pittier as a man and scholar, and it evaluates his role and impact in the development of geography in Costa Rica. It assesses Pittier’s place in the history of geography in Costa Rica and Latin America, a research topic largely neglected. This work relies heavily on primary documents never seen before, including correspondence written by and to Pittier over a 70 year period.

Rutas Damascenas. The Streets and Buildings of Old Damascus: Las Movilidades En Un Espacio Intra-Muros
Ribas-Mateos, Natalia
2014 0-7734-0048-6 108 pages
A first ever examination of the neighborhoods within the walls of Old Damascus that challenge our ideas of stereotypical Mediterranean ethnic and social divisions. The doors open to show us the impact of economic and cultural globalization that has led to a reshaping of cross-national economic integration, creating new forms of regionalisation. (written in Spanish)

Sacred Geography of the American Mound-Builders
Korp, Maureen
1990 0-88946-484-7 140 pages


Scientific Fallacy and Political Misuse of the Concept of Race
Hall, Ronald
2004 0-7734-6372-0 177 pages
The scientific validity of race has always been assumed. In the Historical aftermath of the Atlantic slave trade race is in fact a complex and divisive fallacy profoundly woven into the fabric of American society. Subject to political directives, scholars have subsequently made assumptions about people based upon their racial heritage to realize political aspirations. Thus, the fallacy of race has been fundamental to political exploitation and racism in the 21st century. This book exposes this function of race as little more than a political tool to insure power and wealth remain the bastions of post-colonial power structures.

Scientific Knowledge as a Cultural and Historical Process. The Cultural Prospects of Science
Zviglyanich, Vladimir
1993 0-7734-9865-6 284 pages
Using the analytic tools of philosophy, methodology, culturology of science and applied philosophy, the author originates an approach enabling one to treat the process of the social and cultural determination of cognition in the unity of its synchronic and diachronic aspects; to justify the culturally produced types of scientific and theoretic activity in the process of its genesis; and to elucidate ways of knowledge-realization in meaningful forms of human vital activity as an intrinsic component of its development. This is the first philosophical book to present the ties of cognition and culture from the viewpoint of "man-world" relations and the first to outline the role of the personality in the process of knowledge application in society and culture.

Social and Linguistic Hertiage of Native Peoples in the Americas
Van Broekhoven, Laura N.K.
2006 0-7734-5639-2 308 pages
This book brings together ten essays relating to the manner in which postcolonial research is conducted and information put forth on the representation of indigenous cultures in the Americas. Divided into three parts, Part One describes the current state of affairs of postcolonial studies in the North American region; Part Two explores Mesoamerican culture, and Ñuu Savi and Zapotec studies in particular; and Part Three looks at the Andean region.

Spiritual Aspirations Connected with Mathematics
Witz, Klaus G.
2007 0-7734-5210-9 468 pages
This study examines the individual experience of mathematics among undergraduate and graduate students and how they were drawn into mathematics in their high school and undergraduate years. The book is the product of a two-year long interview project of mathematics students, exploring how they became involved in mathematics and found satisfaction and fulfillment in their development.

Sternberg Family of Fossil-Hunters
Riser, Martin
1995 0-7734-8985-1 520 pages
There has been much erroneous information passed off as "fact" about almost all of the Sternberg fossil hunters, but certainly most in reference to the family patriarch, Charles Hazelius Sternberg. This volume attempts to set the record straight on published criticisms and mistakes. Among other facts, he has not been given due credit for the fact that it was he who developed the precursor for the modern method of fossil wrapping, which is erroneously credited either to Barnum Brown or Edward Drinker Cope. Sternberg also was the first American fossil hunter to write a 'biography', fleshing out for the reader the dead bones of his finds, bringing them to life with his written renderings, though many have followed after him, using the style he developed. This volume also provides information on his side businesses that have never been discussed in print, and delves into the lives of the three prominent sons who followed him into the fossil profession. All of the sons became quite prominent in both American and Canadian fossil hunting lore, and were connected with prestigious museums. Includes photographs.

Structure and Mathematics of the Principal Calendars of the Western World
Kapel, Martin
2006 0-7734-5953-7 200 pages
This monograph studies the history/structure and mathematics of calendars used in those parts of the world west of the Indian subcontinent. The book begins with a brief account of the origins of calendars, the sparse information being supported by references to biblical and other ancient sources. After this, there is an explanation of the astronomical basis of time measurement. The remainder of the book includes information on the structures of a number of ancient calendars, while those used in more modern times are explained in detail, and precise instructions, including worked examples, are given for the conversion of dates to the Gregorian calendar and for the calculation of Christian, Jewish and Muslim holy days.

Struggle Between Life and Death in Proto-Bactrian Culture Ritual and Conflict
Ionesov, Vladimir
2002 0-7734-7290-8 316 pages


Student Handbook on the Basics of Elementary Harmony
Douglas, Darrell
1993 0-7734-9308-5 208 pages
This book concentrates on the instruction of four-part harmony. Partwriting is presented from its most elementary construction to the complexity of the augmented sixth chords. The text also shows how to partwrite with over 300 examples and 330 exercises. The book cites nearly 1000 examples of partwriting and harmony found in three well-known collections of musical examples.

Studies on Patristic Texts and Archaeology: if These Stones Could Speak . . . Essays in Honor of Dennis Edward Groh
Kalantzis, George and Thomas F. Martin
2009 0-7734-4853-5 304 pages
This collection of essays celebrates scholar Dennis Groh’s ability to inspire his students and colleagues and offers new perspectives on some of the crucial questions in the fields of Patristics and the study of early Jewish and Christian archeology, material culture, history, and theology. This book contains twelve color photographs and sixteen black and white photographs.

Study of the Remains of Mycenaean Roads and Stations of Bronze-age Greece
Jansen, Anton
2001 0-7734-7373-4 204 pages


Synergetics and the Study of the Future
Kurdyumov, S.P.
1999 0-7734-3260-4 400 pages
The authors developed a new approach to the future originating from the ideas, conceptions and methods of synergetics. It is shown how the results of this interdisciplinary approach change the scientific picture of the world. It becomes clear that the points are not new technologies or scientific paradigms , but the strategy of science’s development itself, the meanings and values of our civilization. Today’s decisions and their implications change not only political, social or economic trajectory of the individual countries, nations, regions, but they change the historical trajectory. All this requires development of new approaches, new technologies of the past’s analysis, which could enable us to catch the future and would be helpful in strategic planning. This book proposes a way to develop such approaches. Corresponding member of Russian Academy of Sciences S.P. Kurdyumov and his co-authors are the leading scientists in the field of nonlinear analysis and mathematical modeling.

THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF REGIONAL TECHNOLOGIES:
Case Studies from the Palaeolithic to the Age of the Vikings
Barndon,Randi and Ingvild Øye, and Asbjørn Engevik
2010 0-7734-3686-3 328 pages
This anthology methodologically examines the relation between material culture, technology, regions, regionalisation and regional identities from a wide range of angles and perspectives. This theoretical resource for archaeologists, anthropologists, and ethnographers contains 14 essays that discuss and develop archaeological relevant understandings of technology in a regional long time perspective. This book contains ten color photographs and three black and white photographs.

The Westward Movement of Northern Insular Culture and Christianity in the Middle Ages: A Critical Review of Archaeological and Literary Sources on the Faroes, Iceland and Norse Greenland in Relation to Churches and Christianity in Norse Greenland
Ingason, Gunnpór
2016 1-4955-0428-X 340 pages
This important study will help shed light on the relatively obscure developments of the spread of Christianity into the edges of the Northern world during the early Middle Ages. The author uses a wide variety of original sources including historical records, recent archaeological finds, his keen understanding of the languages and religion of the people of that time which adds to the significance of the research in this remarkable book.

Thermal Physics
Hoeneisen, Bruce
1993 0-7734-1952-7 264 pages
A text for upper undergraduate or first-year graduate course in physics. Also useful in the personal library of scientists and engineers. This text treats problems with varying degrees of sophistication, and with several complementary approaches, illustrating principles with specific problems rather than rigorous formalism. Problems are solved from the points of view of kinetic theory, statistical mechanics of closed systems, statistical mechanics of open systems, and thermodynamics. These approaches sometimes lead to the same results, and sometimes to results which vary in generality, rigor, and predictive power. Table of Contents: Introduction to kinetic theory; statistical mechanics; thermal equilibrium; diffusive equilibrium; work and heat; thermodynamics; transport; kinetic theory; low temperature physics; fluctuations, information and noise; semiconductors; cosmology; astrophysics. Problems. Appendix A: Handy integrals. Appendix B: Handy formulas.

Transformation of Science in Germany at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century. Physics, Mathematics, Poetry, and Philosophy
Breidbach, Olaf
2013 0-7734-4537-4 400 pages
Many books have looked at early nineteenth century science through the lens of the whole of Europe. This book takes a solidly Germanic view of natural science, depicting a view of natural science. It dismantles the well-worn cliché of a speculative philosophy and an empirical natural science that began to move further and further away from each other, ultimately becoming irreconcilable. Such an interpretation of the physical-philosophical discourse into different disciplines imposes the dualistic viewpoint of our own time onto an era where erecting such categorical boundaries between knowledge areas was completely foreign. A discussion of physics in the early nineteenth century drew no distinction between itself and philosophy, which is the biggest contribution of this volume.

Tripartite Mimicry in Nature
Goldman, Stanford
1993 0-7734-9292-5 129 pages
This study shows the connections between quantum mechanics and molecular biology, and that many of the phenomena of biology have closely-related counterparts in physics. Gives evidence that there are three domains of the natural world, physics, biology and what we shall call duology, whose basic mechanisms of operation are remarkaby similar

Viking Discovery of America, 985-1008
Vinding, Niels
2006 0-7734-5981-2 164 pages
This book provides an account of Leif Eriksson’s discovery of Vinland and other Viking voyages to Newfoundland. The most important contribution of the manuscript is the author’s contention that the Greenland Norse did not ballast their knarrs [freight ships] with loose stones, which might shift in heavy waves and imperil the shallow-draught vessels. Instead, they cut large stone blocks, beveled at one end to roughly conform to the shape of the hull, and laid them between the ribs. When loading the ships with a heavy cargo such as timber, the Norse would dump some or all of their ballast stones over the side. Therefore, it might be possible to detect a Norse site by locating a collection of distinctively shaped ballast stones on or near the shore. This hypothesis has apparently not been explored by anyone else involved in Norse research in Newfoundland.

Vinding had a life-long fascination with the dramatic voyages of the Greenland Norse and the unsolved question of the location of Vinland. His research led him to a careful analysis of two of the Icelandic sagas, the Greenlanders’ Saga and Erik the Red’s Saga. These sagas describe the same events, but there are discrepancies between them. Vinding compared the sources and created a plausible synthesized account of seven voyages of the Norse to Greenland and North America. Based on his readings, he hypothesized that Leif Eriksson’s first landing in North America was in Trinity Bay, and that Vinland was located on the Avalon Peninsula of southern Newfoundland.

Many nineteenth- and twentieth-century researchers published theories about the location of Vinland but without providing conclusive evidence. The theories suggesting locations far down the east coast of the United States have now been abandoned, in part because they demand that we disregard our primary sources, the sagas, which give precise indications of sailing times and distances. All authorities agree that the second of the three lands discovered by Bjarni Herjolfsson, called Markland by the Norse, is Labrador. There is only one area that fits the saga’s distances and directions from Labrador to Vinland, and that is the east coast of southern Newfoundland. No Norse artifacts have been found in that area except the ballast stones. Since ballast stones are likely to be indicators of Norse sites, they are markers of areas that deserve further archaeological exploration, be that a search for Vinland in Trinity Bay or a search for Hóp in St. Paul’s Bay.

What Can We Learn From the Study of Twins? An Evaluation of the Equal Environments Assumption
Felson, Jacob
2012 0-7734-2907-7 160 pages
Most evidence about genetic behavior comes from twin studies. The presumption is that this enables an equal environment assumption (EEA). This book argues that the validity of the EEA argument is not as strong as some behavior geneticists have claimed. Felson conducts the most comprehensive evaluation of the EEA to date. His analysis incorporates a larger more diverse set of outcome variables than any previous research on the subject.

Yahweh/Baal Confrontation and Other Studies in Biblical Literature and Archaeology
Horton, Fred
1995 0-7734-2426-1 194 pages