Subject Area: Literature - Children's

Annotated Bibliography of Multi-Cultural Literature and Related Activities for Children Three to Ten Years
Gayle-Evans, Guda
2004 0-7734-6474-3 204 pages
Today’s schools are very diverse. As a result, many teachers and parents are faced with the challenge of helping children understand and accept differences. Multicultural literature provides an ideal way to expose children to how much we are alike even if we are different.

This annotated list of over three hundred multicultural children’s books is a comprehensive list of books from diverse cultures. Children from different cultures as well as children for whom English is not their first language will see themselves represented in authentic ways. Children from mainstream America will also have the opportunity to learn about different cultures.

While there is a plethora of multicultural literature for children, there is an absence of tools to connect the literature to activities. In this book there are several activities which are connected to and support the stories discussed. These activities, along with the "A Suggestion to Broaden Cultural Awareness” section, allow adults and children to view literature and cultural diversity from different perspectives. Children considered different will feel validated as they begin to learn that being different is not a deficit.

Early childhood and elementary teachers will find this annotated list of books a good resource for connecting children to books. The variety of books will also help children to understand and appreciate the positive aspects of diversity.

Ashraf Marwan, Israel’s Most Valuable Spy: How the Mossad Recruited Nasser’s Own Son-In-Law
Kahana, Ephraim
2010 0-7734-3612-X 196 pages
This biography of Ashraf Marwan provides valuable information about the Israeli intelligence community. In particular, it examines how Mossad recruits and manages agents.

Abstract:
Ashraf Marwan was born in 1944 and earned his doctoral degree in the United Kingdom. In the mid-1970s, Ashraf Marwan became a businessman in London. Later Marwan was made chief of staff to Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. While serving in this position, he volunteered to spy for Israel. In 2002, Marwan's relationship with Israeli intelligence was revealed in 2002. It remains unclear whether Marwan was an Israeli spy or an Egyptian double agent.

Conflicting Interests in Egypt: Political, Business, Religious, Gender, Popular Culture
Zuhur, Sherifa
2017 1-4955-0551-0 232 pages
This book explores aspects of politics, protest, security and culture in Egypt in the wake of the January 25, 2011 revolution. These resulted in conflict among various interest groups in Egyptian society and the breaking down of the social foundation of politics.

Critical Study of the Works of Nawal El Saadawi, Egyptian Writer and Activist
Royer, Diana
2001 0-7734-7538-9 202 pages
This volume sets El Saadawi’s literary work within the context of her activism, in particular showing how her ideas for the renewal of society run through her writing. As a companion for reading her fiction and nonfiction, this volume contextualizes her work by taking into consideration the complexities of Egyptian society today – in particular, Islamic fundamentalism and women’s status. It also introduces the current scholarly debate on ancient women’s status. Chapters on individual novels look both at technique (oral literary traditions, woman’s narrative, imagery) and topic (female circumcision, gender roles, prostitution, honor killing). Novels examined are Two Women in One; The Circling Song; Woman at Point Zero; God Dies By the Nile.

Development of the Feminist Idea in Egypt and the Middle East From the End of the Eighteenth Century to the Present
Suwaed, Mohammad
2016 1-4955-0505-7 304 pages
A remarkable book examining the feminist discourse in the Middle East by analyzing selected philosophical texts by both female and male Arab thinkers. It explores the changes that have taken place in the Arab feminist discourse over the years by addressing the social, cultural, and ideological backgrounds of the region’s feminist over two centuries.

EDUCATIONAL REFORM IN EGYPTIAN PRIMARY SCHOOLS SINCE THE 1990s:
A Study of the Political Values and Behavior of Sixth Grade Students
Sika, Nadine Mourad
2010 0-7734-3708-8 332 pages
This study analyzes the degree to which the authoritarian political system in Egypt is able implement a democratic educational system at the primary education level, which can work as a catalyst in a multifaceted democratization process.

Effects of American Foreign Aid to Egypt, 1957-1987
Bangura, Abdul
1995 0-7734-2287-0 255 pages
Contains a review of the past literature on the subject, the subject methodology, and both macro and micro level data analysis, with summary, conclusions, and recommendations. Employing a mixture of quantitative, qualitative and inductive methodology, this book examines those factors that dictated Egypt's economic development from 1957 to 1987, and then investigates a major unanswered question: Has the longevity and increase in American aid facilitated overall economic development (increased productivity and standards of living) in Egypt?

European Control and Egypt’s Traditional Elites - A Case Study in Elite Economic Nationalism
EzzelArab, AbdelAziz
2002 0-7734-6936-2 272 pages
This study examines the movement by groups of Egypt’s elites who controlled the country’s wealth and government before European penetration. This movement, which took place in 1879, had a distinctly different leadership and agenda from the more widely recognized movement of Ahmad ‘Urabi in 1881-82. This work invites a revision of the existing historiography of 19th century Egypt by focusing on this neglected episode. It places the 1879 movement in broad social historical perspective and analyses the meaning of economic nationalism through a discussion of the elite’s motivations and agenda. It contains the first identification and analysis of attempts to establish a national bank in Egypt in the 19th century and a complete translation of two documents relevant to these attempts. Western scholars of Egyptian history will be interested in this discovery, since the existing convention considers the first such attempt to have taken part in the early 20th century. It will appeal to scholars of Egyptian and Middle Eastern history, elite groups, and economics.

Fictional Role of Childhood in Victorian and Early Twentieth Century Children’s Literature
McCulloch, Fiona
2004 0-7734-6451-4 233 pages
This book studies canonical children’s literature during what is perceived to be the first Golden Age of this genre. Building upon critical studies, such as Jacqueline Rose’s The Case of Peter Pan, the instability at the heart of children’s literature is examined. The notion that children’s fiction promotes a discursive innocence is resisted by analyzing texts written specifically for a child readership. Textual tensions and desires inscribed from adult culture’s penmanship, and the subversion of childhood’s mythopoeic status are unveiled through critical analysis, highlighting the complex imbalance between adult narrator and child character.

Just as childhood and its connotations of innocence are a cultural adult production, so must children’s fiction incorporate an element of adult masquerade, where the child character embodies a performative dimension of the adult narrator’s psyche. A critical metaphor, ‘textual pedophilia’ encapsulates the literary and discursive desire for innocence ruptured by the adult palimpsest of a postlapsarian authorial presence. The title refers to the imaginative preoccupations of childhood as transfixed by a performative adult creativity hiding behind a fraudulent mask of pristine innocence. Ultimately, it is a playful genre that, far from promoting idealized innocence, often questions such discourses and subverts them.

Gender Instruction in the Tales for Children by Mary E. Wilkins Freeman
Terryberry, Karl
2002 0-7734-7309-2 164 pages
Mary E. Wilkins Freeman’s tales for and about children arose out of cultural constrictions formulated by a strict adherence and obedience to the Puritan values embedded in New England history. At the time she wrote these stories, New England was experiencing a population decline fueled by massive changes in industry and farming, and the effects of war. With young, industrious men pouring out of rural New England, Freeman concentrated on the women and the weak men who were left behind. Role models for boys were hard to find, and respectable mates for girls were few. Consequently, the lines dividing gender roles got blurred in Freeman’s world, and she set out to redraw the lines by redefining the roles of men and women for children. This text not only discusses the impact of such cultural and historical forces on gender in her writing, but it also categorizes both collected and uncollected tales by grouping together the products of Freeman’s gender instruction.

House as Setting, Symbol, and Structural Motif in Children’s Literature
Dewan, Pauline
2004 0-7734-6462-X 312 pages
This study examines the function and significance of houses in children’s literature, concentrating on a close reading of a large number of representative texts. The houses that children live in, move to or visit in these novels are especially striking and unforgettable. Throughout the fiction the house is a dominant setting, occupying a prominent place and producing a powerful imaginative impact upon the reader. This book addresses the need for a comprehensive examination of the symbolic and structural patterns of domestic settings in children’s literature. It was written especially for those who would like to see children’s literature placed in the same context and judged by the same criteria as its adult counterpart.

How Folk and Fairy Tales Aid Children’s Growth and Maturity: An Analysis of Their Need Fulfillment Imagery
Ali. Munir Muztaba
2009 0-7734-4706-7 212 pages
This work investigates folk tales and their significance to childhood development. The author examines how the folk tale addresses basic needs of children, their depiction of life, and what their resolutions reveal about the problems children encounter as they mature. This book contains five color photographs.

How Shakespeare is Presented to Children: A Review of Methods Used to Incorporate the Bard into the Canon of Children’s Literature
Sugarman, Sally
2016 1-4955-0490-5 272 pages
Examines children’s books about Shakespeare, his time and his characters in the light of changing ideas about childhood as well as changes in the experiences of the children who read the various versions of Shakespeare available to them in adaptations, fiction and non-fiction.

Islamic Institutions of Ottoman Egypt in the 18th and First Three Decades of the 19th Century
Kirillina, S. A.
1999 0-7734-3195-0 472 pages


Lawrence Durrell’s Alexandria Quartet in Its Egyptian Contexts
Diboll, Michael V.
2004 0-7734-6267-8 369 pages
In Lawrence Durrell’s Alexandria Quartet in its Egyptian Contexts, Dr. Diboll argues that Durrell’s tetralogy is the most important English novel of the mid-nineteen-fifties, an historically significant period which has been much overlooked by literary scholars. It convincingly demonstrates the importance of the Alexandria Quartet as a "Janus text" which looks back to the lost world of the British Empire, yet anticipates many important aspects of later post-colonial and postmodern writing. Thus, the book insists, the Alexandria Quartet should be recognised as a colossal work of literature, standing astride the nexus separating the colonial and post-colonial moments, a paradigmatic text for scholars of Empire studies, late Modernism, literary postmodernity, orientalism and post-colonial literature.

This wide-ranging work explores the influence of all of the many strata of Egyptian history on the Quartet and in doing so offers a sustained meditation of the interaction of time, place and exile on the literary imagination. Its focus on exile is especially poignant, taking in the cultural and psychological alienation of this "third generation Anglo-Irish-Indian", an "English pied-noir" from a most unheimlich English "homeland", the effects of Durell's voluntary exile in Greece during the inter-war years on his literary sensibility, and psychological and existential impact of Durrell's flight from the Nazi occupation of Greece and his four years as a refugee in war-time Alexandria, which he experienced as an "Oriental" Other starkly juxtaposed to his "free Hellenic world". This work does not neglect to examine Egyptian responses to the Alexandria Quartet, and it examines with a forensic thoroughness the way in which the "public life realities" of emergent Egyptian nationalism are subtly embedded in what for too long has been considered to be a work of fantasy. Seeking to go beyond the Saidian Orientalist paradigm, the book proposes that aspects of Bhabhaian hybridity theory, combined with a rigourous socio-historical analysis, offer the most effective theoretical insights into Durrell's seething Alexandrian cosmopolis.

Letters From Nineteenth Century American Children to Robert Merry’s Museum Magazine
Pflieger, Pat
2001 0-7734-7505-2 692 pages
Published from 1841 to 1872, Robert Merry’s Museum was the premiere American children’s magazine of its time (its editors included Samuel Goodrich, S. T. Allen, John N. Stearns, and Louisa May Alcott), and the first American periodical for children to publish letters from its subscribers. They often told ‘Uncle Robert’ all about themselves, their families, and their activities: the result is a record of the lives of ordinary people in nineteenth-century America. Here is the growing pre-War sectionalism, the Civil War and its aftermath, attitudes toward minorities and public figures, women’s rights, and major events. The collection of over 600 letters will appeal to those interested in American social history, women’s studies, media history, and popular culture.

Memoirs and Diaries of Muhammad Farid, an Egyptian Nationalist Leader (1868-1919)
Goldschmidt, Arthur
1992 0-7734-9454-5 556 pages
Annotated translation of the diaries and memoirs of Muhammad Farid, second president of the Egyptian National Party. The first part of the book is Farid's memoirs, the second describes events as they occurred. Muhammad Farid was in exile at the time he wrote, and the later diary-style entries show accurately his activities and the state of the world at the time he was writing. Footnotes and a critical introduction give the historical background and analysis.

Nubia and Egypt 10,000 B. C. to 400 A. D.
Ross, Larry
2013 0-7734-2646-9 284 pages
Ross is the first scholar to argue that there is a shared origin of Nile Valley Civilization between Nubian and Egyptian cultures. Nubia today is known as the nation-states of Sudan and South Sudan, and has been misrepresented for thousands of years by Egyptian sources, which minimized the role the people played in world history. This book draws on recent archaeological findings that claim Pharonic symbolism, sacred bark, and serekh, are of Nubian origin, not Egyptian. The author provides an updated re-examination of the Meroitic Period (300 B.C. – 400 A.D.) in lieu of this new information.

Political Economy of an Authoritarian Modern State and Religious Nationalism in Egypt
Yohannes, Okbazghi
2001 0-7734-7462-5 364 pages
This study illuminates the social, political, and economic context in which the rise of Islamic Fundamentalism of Egypt is situated.

Political Philosophy Behind Dr. Seuss’s Cartoons and Poetry. Decoding the Adult Meaning of a Children’s Text
Bracey, Earnest N.
2015 1-4955-0309-7 256 pages
This collection of essays is an exceptional introduction to the political philosophy of Dr. Seuss through analysis of some of his most beloved work. This inquiry presents a way of understanding our society, our government, its policies and how we have evolved and progressed as a nation as seen through the eyes of one of America’s most superb cartoonists and one of its greatest writers of contemporary children’s literature.

Portrayal of Southeast Asian Refugees in Recent American Children’s Books
Levy, Michael
2000 0-7734-7753-5 116 pages
Little has been published on this subject to date, so this work provides scholars and teachers of children’s literature with useful information on the children’s books that discuss Southeast Asians, including Vietnamese, Cambodian, Thai, Lao, Hmong, and Mien. The works fall into three categories with most overlapping to some extent: historical fiction or non-fiction portraying the lives of a specific ethnic group before the advent of the war that is to disrupt the culture; the transition from traditional life to refugee status, usually told from the child’s perspective; life as a refugee in the US (or elsewhere), concentrating on the need to adjust to a strange culture, various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression, and the often bittersweet nostalgia for home.

Readings in American Juvenile Literature
Dizer, John T.
2006 0-7734-5601-5 320 pages
This book is a study of popular children’s series books of the past century. It examines many facets of the field including prominent authors, sociological attitudes in popular children’s literature and recent research into the publishing patterns of early series books. It looks at two early story papers edited and published by Edward Stratemeyer, the publishing history of his early books and his attitude towards youthful heroism and villainy. It also includes recent research on such writers as Annie Fellows Johnston, Howard Garis and Percy Keese Fitzhugh. The study also explores the true origins of Boys Life, official magazine of the Boy Scouts of America. The research is a culmination of over forty years’ investigation into popular juvenile literature.

Social Influences on the Writing of Marion Dane Bauer and Katherine Paterson
Fisher, Bonnie E.
2001 0-7734-7441-2 220 pages
Examines books and papers these well-known authors of children’s books have donated to the University of Minnesota’s Kerlan Collection. They include correspondence with friends, editors and readers, and notes and drafts of essays and lectures. It examines the social influences, and describes the paradigm shift from a model of writing as a solo process to one that sees writing as highly social in nature. Its description of the social nature of Bauer’s and Paterson’s writing provides a timely model and important and well-documented implications for the teaching of writing.

Spiritual and Ethical Dimensions of Children’s Literature
Milner, Joseph
2001 0-7734-7354-8 180 pages
This study argues that children’s literature has a pronounced rhetoric which can be perceived as forming dichotomies within each of the eight classic genres of the field. Each chapter explores central dichotomies within a genre found in several important texts of that genre. Genres are: Science Fiction; Historical Fiction; Survival Fiction; Ethnic Fiction; Fantasy; Mystery; Contemporary Realism; Animal Stories. “. . . contributes significantly to theory and scholarship in the field of children’s and young adult literature. . . . Milner’s construct is thoughtfully and precisely developed. . . . it is undeniably a most valuable resource for academics and teachers alike.” – Wendy K. Sutton

Story of Ramses
Sullivan, Richard
1987 0-88946-046-9 208 pages
The first chapters of the book treat the physical and institutional setting - the geographic conditions of ancient Egypt and how the great office of Pharaoh developed, with an extensive bureaucracy supporting it. The next chapters discuss the political background as it influenced the reigns of Ramses. The life and work of Ramses form the core of the book. The famous battle of Qadesh made the military reputation on which he capitalized so successfully. His extensive family, which retained power for two hundred years, allowed his reforms to endure. Most of all, the magnificent buildings which still stand from his reign attest to its vigor and sophistication. Many maps and illustrations.

Study of Film Adaptations of James Barrie’s Storypeter Pan
Hermansson, Casie
2016 1-4955-0473-5 156 pages
Since its earliest incarnation in the writing of James Barrie, the story of Peter Pan has been continuously adapted. Barrie himself adapted the story numerous times, across a plethora of different media. He was also the first to draft a film Scenario of it. However, Barrie's Scenario was not used for the first film adaptation of Peter Pan in 1924. This study argues that Peter's unique qualities serve as both the engine of adaptation and the source of each adaptation's provisional nature. The analysis moves from historical texts to include Barrie's film Scenario and then major twentieth and twenty-first century screen adaptations of Peter Pan.

Teaching Multicultural Literature to Help Children Understand Ethnic Diversity: Essays and Experiences
Taylor, Gail Singleton, KaaVonia Hinton, and Lisa Moore
2008 0-7734-5011-4 184 pages
Addresses the challenges of multicultural teaching by presenting instructional strategies.

THE DIARIES OF BLAKELY WILSON:
An American Traveler in Europe, Egypt, and the Holy Land, 1874-1876
Wilson, Blakely
1998 0-7734-8238-5 256 pages
Fascinating and articulate account of Wilson's travels, which included lengthy stays in Rome and Naples, extensive trips up the Nile, and a visit to Jerusalem. Includes an extensive introduction and appended notes that ground his experiences in the broader historical, cultural and social context of the era.

THE EGYPTIAN ALBUM OF JOHN ELLIOT WOOLFORD:
Original Watercolors by John Elliot Woolford and with Maps by the Ninth Earl of Dalhousie
Elwood, Marie B.
2010 0-7734-3880-7 224 pages
This is the first publication of the only pictorial record of the British Expedition to Egypt in 1800, in which Napoleon was defeated by Nelson and the British Army. The aim of this expedition was to remove the French Army which had gone to Egypt in 1798 under Napoleon as Commander in Chief of the Army of the Orient.

Understanding Children’s Animal Stories
Johnson, Kathleen
2000 0-7734-7735-7 188 pages
This study examines the content and structure of 59 children’s realistic animal stories for ideological expressions of anthropocentrism. It concludes that the texts send ambivalent and contradictory messages: while children’s stories may serve to inform the reader about actual and potential connections to other animals, they also contain elements that continue to privilege the dominant view.