Subject Area: Philosophy: Ethics

Aristotelian Approach to Ethical Theory. The Norms of Virtue
 Allard-Nelson, Susan K.
2004 0-7734-6306-2 211 pages
The project of this work is to combine an interpretative study of Aristotle’s thinking about the foundational elements of ethical theory with the formulation of a theory of ethical normativity that is based on those same elements, but that is independently formulated and analyzed. In particular, the book argues that virtue ethics, of an Aristotelian type, can provide a coherent and satisfying theory of normativity, although this has sometimes been denied in modern scholarship. Normativity is sometimes thought to require a theory of a deductive type, in which ethical norms are derived from the principle of universalization (Kant’s view) or from a universal principle, such as, in Utilitarianism, the maximization of human happiness. The claim here is that normativity can also, and more plausibly, be established inductively through an examination of human nature—as understood through a variety of means, including the ethical agent’s own sense of what human nature consists in and scientific psychology—and the interrelated Aristotelian ideas of virtue, happiness, and particular relationships. The suggestion is that, if norms are grounded in this way, we can establish a normative framework that corresponds to the reality of human shared and individual experience and that is, therefore, more cogent than one that depends (deductively) on abstract, universal principles. This Aristotelian, inductive, theory is offered as embodying a cogent account of ethical normativity, which represents a contribution to current philosophical debate on the nature and basis of ethical norms.

Brouillon zur Ethik/ Notes on Ethics (1805/1806). Translated and edited by John Wallhauser; Notes on the Theory of Virtue (1804/1806); translated with introduction and notes by Terrence N. Tice
 Wallhauser, John
2002 0-7734-7156-1 304 pages
During 1804-05 and 1805-06, while teaching at the University of Halle, Friedrich Schleiermacher lectured twice on philosophical ethics. From the first lectures only his notes on the theory of virtue are extant. In 1805-1806, however, we have his own dense notes covering 98 hours of lectures. He planned to revise this (Brouillon zur ethik) for publication, a project which was never completed. But these Halle lectures reveal for the first time the details of his distinctive approach to ethics as a philosophy of culture. In these lectures he presents ethics as the critical examination of reason embodied in selves in community. This translation makes available in English the first systematic presentation of his ethics as an inclusive vision of cultural goods, virtues and duties.

Epicurean Ethics: Katastematic Hedonism
 Preuss, Peter
1994 0-7734-9124-4 288 pages
The fundamental problem of Epicurean philosophy is understood as the problem of being human in a mechanical universe. A new interpretation of Epicurean ethics is developed against the background of a critical discussion of earlier interpretations. Although the whole range of the tetrapharmakos is covered in the book, as well as the Epicurean social philosophy of justice and friendship, the argument focusses on Epicurus' understanding of the nature of pleasure and pain and on the distinction between kinetic and katastematic pleasure.

Ethical Considerations. Basic Issues in Moral Philosophy
 Rescher, Nicholas
2015 1-4955-0279-1 192 pages
The present book is a further contribution to the ageless and ongoing discussion about basic philosophical problems such as the nature of ethical standards, and grounds of moral objectivity, and prospects of moral progress from eminent philosopher and well-known author, Nicholas Rescher. He examines a group of classic philosophical issues, relevant to this present age of moral ambiguity, and shares his reflections and opinions with his usual captivating analysis.

Ethical Decision Making from a Consequentialist Perspective. A Study in Philosophical Ethics
 French, Robert
2009 0-7734-4879-9 280 pages
This book presents an account of ethical decision-making from a consequentialist perspective where a fairness constraint is placed on a utilitarian ethical theory. The work begins by analyzing both the perspective and descriptive content and the concepts of ‘what is fair’ and ‘what is best.’ The concept of ‘fairness’ is then analyzed along completely consequentialist lines and a constraint, based on this analysis, is placed on a version of negative cooperative utilitarianism which is developed in detail.

Ethics of Timelessness
 Watson, Timothy
1994 0-7734-2295-1 240 pages
This major philosophical discourse covers topics as diverse as time, causality, ethics, metaphysics, utopianism, politics, poetics, medicine, immunology, and theology. Its central thesis, that metaphysics is a science of immunology for the human spirit, reunites philosophy with its roots. Jacques Derrida has created a metaphysical virus, differance, which deconstructs the philosophical immune system, undermining the metaphysician's ability to defend the system against rhetorical attack. This work is an attempt to construct a superimmune system, consisting of a number of immune systems all operating in tandem, to defend both the physical and metaphysical systems against infection.

Ethics, Metaphysics and Religion in the Thought of F. H. Bradley
 MacEwen, Philip
1996 0-7734-8767-0 250 pages
Essays by some of Canada's leading scholars on various aspects of Bradley's thought. Essays include: The Unity of Moral Principle and Bradley's Absolute (Leslie Armour) The Uses of Bradley's Absolute (H. S. Harris) Process and Historical Crisis in F. H. Bradley's Ethics of Feeling (James Bradley) Metaphysics and Ethics in Bradley's Idealism (Don MacNiven) The Self and the Social Order (Elizabeth Trott) Bradley's Critique of Mill's Utilitarianism (Philip MacEwen) Feeling in Bradley's Ethical Studies (David Crossley) F. H. Bradley and the Presuppositions of Critical History (Lionel Rubinoff)

Evaluation of Alvin Plantinga’s Free Will Defense: Whether Our Power to Do Bad is Something Good
 Santrac, Aleksandar S.
2008 0-7734-5129-3 132 pages
This work is an attempt to solve incompatibility between horrendous evil and the God of love. The case study which is criticized and analyzed is Alvin Plantinga’s free will defense. Putting too much value on freedom, Plantinga obviously did not recognize the importance of the extreme phenomenon of individual horrendous sufferings and possibility of God’s love for this particular person.

G. E. Moore’s Ethics. Good as Intrinsic Value
 Marzano, Michela
2004 0-7734-6262-7 185 pages
An important and critical analysis of Moore’s conception of good and right is examined. It aims to show how contemporary moral philosophy is still concerned with intrinsic value, at least insofar as the concepts of good and bad lie at the heart of ethics: they are at work when we assess whether a person is virtuous or vicious, an act is right or wrong, a decision defensible or indefensible, a goal desirable or undesirable.

Historical Development Toward a Non-Theistic Humanist Ethics. Essays From the Ancient Stoics to Modern Science
 Hillar, Marian
2015 1-4955-0426-3 340 pages
This book is a collection of essays written over the years on various philosophical approaches to ethics. It opens with an introduction that surveys the current status of investigations by natural scientists, biologists, and psychologists on the moral behavior of humans, comparing it with the behavior of higher animals. The remainder of the book is subdivided into seven parts, which treat development of moral theories.

Human Being and Morality in Ethics of Social Consequences
 Gluchman, Vasil
2003 0-7734-6578-2 200 pages
A study on the issues concerning the moral agent and one’s moral rights. The first part deals with issues related to fundamental moral values and principles of ethics of social consequences, and makes essential differences between ethical theory as a kind of non-utilitarian consequentialism and utilitarian forms of consequentialism. Based on this difference, the study explores such moral values and principles as positive social consequences, humanity, legality, justice, responsibility, tolerance, and moral duty.

Investigating the Biological Foundations of Human Morality. An Interdisciplinary Perspective
 Hurd, James P.
1996 0-7734-8843-X 264 pages
The central question of this volume is to what extent is evolutionary biology a necessary and sufficient explanation for human morality? Biologists, psychologists, anthropologists, theologians, and philosophers address this question from their respective disciplines. Four main issues are addressed. This volume will interest scholars, students, and academic libraries in the areas of sociobiology, ethics, religion, and social philosophy. It will serve as text for courses in ethics or sociobiology at the graduate level and as a supplementary text for courses in ethics, philosophy, psychology or anthropology at the undergraduate level.

Montaigne and the Ethics of Compassion
 Gauna, Max
2000 0-7734-7706-3 352 pages
This study establishes that the Essais are the vehicle of a coherent ethical system whose principles generate valid and genuinely innovative ethical conclusions, expounded in the body of Montaigne’s text. It also suggests that certain features of Montaigne’s ethics have much to offer our own age.

New Studies in Bonhoeffer's Ethics
 Peck, William J.
1997 0-88946-775-7 284 pages
Addresses the paradox that scholars have neglected the very work that Bonhoeffer hoped would be his crowning achievement, his study of Christian ethics. Concluding that the reason for this omission was not simple neglect but the uncertain state of the text, contributing authors offer insights and solutions for the textual problems posed by Bonhoeffer's Ethics.

Philosophical and Religious Conceptions of the Person and their Implications for Ethical, Political and Social Thought
 McLachlan, James
2002 0-7734-7025-5 396 pages
This volume is a compilation of papers presented at the third biannual meeting of the International Forum on Persons held at Oriel College, Oxford in August of 1995. Propelling the origination of the organization was both the insight that persons are subject not only to political, economic, and technological dehumanization but also to deep misunderstanding and the conviction that focusing the bright light of dialectical critique on the topic could help overcome the ignorance among scholars.

Philosophical Essays on the Ideas of a Good Society
 Hudson, Yeager
1988 0-88946-102-3 354 pages
Essays arising from the first International Conference on Social Philosophy, which addressed some of the most important issues facing humankind at the end of the 20th century: justice; freedom; power; equality; privacy; conscience vs. law; technology and changing values; population; business ethics; nuclear war; violence; terrorism; and peace. Social Philosophy Today No.1

Philosophy of Moral Dilemmas
 Swedene, Jason K.
2007 0-7734-5346-6 200 pages
It is largely assumed that painful self-assessing emotions, such as guilt, are appropriate responses to acting in a moral dilemma for a variety of reasons: these emotions we are committed to moral ends not reflected by our action, they are understandable byproducts of a healthy moral education, and they reflect our making a connection to the wrongness of our dilemmatic act. This study challenges these rationales and argues that a truly admirable agent would not feel such emotions because he would apprehend his moral role, if not his causal role, as marginal. The author contends that ethical theorists should stop endorsing such emotional responses, and offers suggestions to moral educators which dissuade inculcating characters which do not feel emotions in line with actions. This study will appeal to scholars interested in virtue ethics, the philosophy of emotions, and philosophical psychology.

Process Ethics. A Constructive System
 Cauthen, Kenneth
1984 0-88946-764-1 353 pages
The first attempt to create a constructive and ethical system based on process philosophy, which is often considered America's distinctive contribution to philosophy. Seeks to develop a system of Christian ethics based on process philosophy, but without employing the highly technical language of that discipline.

Profit and Responsibility Issues in Business and Professional Ethics
 Werhane, Patricia
1985 0-88946-862-1 279 pages
Essays on business ethics written by philosophers, theologians, and professors of business.

Rhetoric and Ethics
 Aarons, Victoria
1991 0-88946-212-7 220 pages
Addresses the classical connection between rhetoric and ethics, its fragmentation during the 17th century, and the reunification of rhetoric and ethics in the 20th century. Includes such essays as "Platonic Rhetoric" by Charles Salman, "Persons, Personae, and Ghost Writing: Ethics and Fictive Voice" by George E. Yoos, "Stance Perception in Sixteenth-Century Ethical Discourse" by Lawrence D. Green, and "Differences That Unite Us: John Kennedy's Speech to the Houston Ministerial Association" by Frederick J. Antczak.

Why Happiness Includes Fairness: An Essay in Soft Utilitarian Ethics
 Meynell, Hugo
2013 0-7734-4336-3 232 pages
A study of ethical principles and theories. Dr. Meynell defines the good in ethical matters as depending in large part, although not entirely, on how an action effects the happiness of and the fairness to sentient beings. He calls this “soft utilitarianism”.