Varieties of Mystical Experience of Urdu Poets (13th to 20th Century A.d.)

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This work is the first sustained attempt of its kind to draw attention to the mystical side of Urdu poetry. The author goes on to show how the pantheistic form of mysticism appeared in Urdu poetry and how certain poets endeavored to reconcile mysticism with orthodox Islam. This book will appeal to scholars of mystical philosophy and Urdu literature.


“Prof. Bhatnagar’s book is an important contribution to philosophy of mysticism and Urdu poetry. . . .The author’s deep study of Urdu poetry and philosophy of mysticism, visits to the Urdu shrines and above all his discerning reflection make this book more authentic.” – Prof. M. Wahi-ul-Haq Ansari, Retd. Professor and Head, Department of Persian, Lucknow University, Lucknow, India

“The author has carefully brought out the true picture of how the various Urdu poets interpreted the Sufi thoughts and tenets and how far the mystic verses of these poets were influenced by Indian local elements and Indian mystic traditions.” – Prof. Shah Abdus Salam, Professor, Department of Arabic and Arab Culture, Lucknow University, Lucknow, India

“ . . . will not only open vistas of Urdu poetry to the readers of the English language but will also provide a definite contribution to the understanding of Indo-Muslim Mystic Thought.” – Malikzada Manzoor Ahmad, Retired Professor, Department of Urdu, Lucknow University, Lucknow, India

Table of Contents

System of Transcription
Author’s Note
Foreword – Prof. M. Wahi-ul-Haq Ansari
1. Indo-Muslim Mystic Thought
2. Early Urdu Sufi Poets
3. Shams Al-D?n Wal? Muhammad
4. M?r Taq? M?r
5. Khw?ja M?r Dard
6. Sh?h Niy?z A?mad
7. Khw?ja ?aider ‘Al? ?tash
8. Mirz? Asad-All?h Kh?n Gh?lib
9. Shaikh Mu?ammad ‘?l?m As?
10. A?ghar Hu?ain A?ghar
11. Shaikh Mu?ammad Taq? ‘ Aziz
12. Bisheshwar Pras?d Munawwar
13. Epilogue
Appendix: Glossary of Persian and Arabic Terms used by Urd? ??f? Poets
List of Sources
Names and Titles
Subjects and Technical Terms

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