Social Change and Literature in Peru (1970-1990)

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This volume studies the relationship between social change and literature in present-day Peru, arguing that the emergence in the 1970s and 80s of new fiction writers and poets from large social sectors historically excluded from Peruvian public life – lower classes, migrants, and women - was part of a dramatic process of social change by which those sectors were gaining an important role in the transformation of society.

“this is an authoritative study, balancing a thoroughly researched presentation of the social and political background with detailed analysis of individual writers, specific works and textual extracts. One of its many merits is the fact that Vilanova demonstrates an infectious enthusiasm for the subject while retaining a critical distance. She is frank in acknowledging reservations about the quality of poetry during the 1970s, and willingly criticizes Jara’s novel Patíbulo para un caballo for simplifying complex social issues as a consequence of its commitment to the social group that it describes. However, the overall impression that the reader draws is of a dynamic literary scene, in which the social change is not only reflected in the literature but also produced by it.” – Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Table of Contents

Table of Contents:
Preface, Abstract, Introduction
1. The Shaping of Present-day Peru:
The Historical Background - The Oligarchic State; Reformism and the Rise of Popular Expectations
The desborde popular – Rural Peru; “Y no – no te trajeron aquí las locas ilusiones” - Migration to the City; Squatter Settlements; The Informal Sector; Social Life: Andean Culture Takes to the Streets
Widening Access to Education - From Social Mobility to Social Mobilization: Reforms in Primary and Secondary Education; Tertiary Education
The Changing Role of Women – Women’s Movements in Latin America; From the Domestic to the Public Domain – Women’s Neighborhood Organizations; Feminism in Peru
2. Poetry Democratized
Hora Zero and Poetry as Militancy – Social Breakthrough and Frustrated Expectations; Manifestos and Models; A New Poetic Manner; Hora Zero in Perspective
The Poetry of Enrique Verástegui; En los extramuros del mundo - Poetry as Non-conformity; The Search for a Modern Poetry
3. Fiction of the Educated Underclass
Recent Developments in Peruvian Narrative
Cronwell Jara: Breaking the Rural-Urban Frontier; Las huellas del puma: Nostalgia for the Past; Montacerdos and Patíbulo para un caballo: The Creation of a New Reality; Babá Osaím, cimarrón, ora por la santa muerta – The Vision of the Vanquished
4. Women Find a Voice
Recent Developments in Women’s Poetry: Women in Peruvian Literature; Writing the Body; Female Views of the City; Doing Their Thing
Carmen Ollé: The Vindication of Women; Noches de adrenalina: Breaking Taboos; ¿Por qué hacen tanto ruido? In Search of Self-Expression
Conclusion, Bibliography, Index

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