Comparative Analysis of U.S. Policy Toward European Defense Autonomy. Enduring Dilemmas in Transatlantic Relations

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Explores the tension between American desires for Europeans to share more of the defense burden without having to give up its leadership role and the European desires for greater defense autonomy without having to devote more resources toward military capabilities. It addresses the inadequacies of systemic international relations theories in explaining why the US supported a potentially competitive system with NATO. In addition, the study focuses on variables at the domestic level, such as fragmented political systems, divergent threat perceptions, and international relations in explaining US behavior toward European defense systems during these two discrete periods of time.


“The book specifically rounds out what we know about the recent evolution of NATO, but it also aids in the analysis of a wider range of issues interlocking the democracies of the world. . . . the systemic analysis of how such democracies interact will be of the greatest importance in the future.” - George H. Quester, Professor of Government and Politics, University of Maryland

“This book is a veritable tour de force of historical and political scholarship, calling on a vast bibliography and range of primary forces (largely interviews). . . . Armitage’s work is likely to stand for some time as one of the best examples of the successful mix of empirical knowledge and theoretical analysis ever applied to the ever vibrant topic of transatlantic relations.” – Dr. Jolyon Howorth, Visiting Professor of Political Science, Yale University

“. . . [the work] is relevant to both theoretical discussions regarding the driving factors behind the transatlantic security relationship and the practical policy discussions as to how the development on an independent security dimension for Europe can mesh with considerations of the transatlantic alliance.” - Dr. Zachary Selden, Assistant Professor, Political Science, Department of Political Science, University of Florida

Table of Contents

1. Theoretical Perspectives: The Links Between Domestic Actors, Foreign Policymaking, and International Relations
2 Case One: The US and the European Defense Community
3 Case Two: The US and European Security and Defense Policy
4 Theoretical Considerations for Case One (US-EDC)
5 Theoretical Considerations for Case Two (US-ESDP)
6 Conclusion

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