Price:$199.95 + shipping
(Click the PayPal button to buy)
This comparative analysis demonstrates how state fragmentation results from a causal chain of geopolitical strains, resource shortfalls, intra-elite conflict, and the deficiency of a central government’s coercive capability to hold the society together. The emergence process of new sovereign states is also discussed.


“Jieli Li has brought a new and key element of conflict theory to the table, illustrated with key examples that lend much credence to the theory. It is a work that anyone working in comparative-historical sociology, world-systems analysis, or macro-level theory in general must read.”
-Prof. Jonathan J. Turner,
University of California, Riverside

“The book reflects the highest level of skill in comparative historical research and a truly brilliant facility to synthesize and theorize about the data at hand. The work is bound to be read widely and cited often in the US and throughout the world. It is an unusually timely addition to the scholarly literature, and it is bound to succeed in every respect….”
-Prof. Jay Weinstein,
Eastern Michigan University

“a very complex argument about the significance of different kinds of state structures during the last four hundred years of human history… a stimulating contribution to comparative-historical sociology, with much to ponder. While there are aspects of the analysis that will no doubt raise objections, this book will constitute a significant extension of our knowledge.”
-Prof. J.I. (Hans) Bakker,
University of Guelph

Table of Contents

Foreword by Jonathan H. Turner
Chapter 1
Geopolitics of the State – A Sociological Perspective

Historical- Comparative Methodology
Historical Cases and Critical Variations in Geopolitics
Chapter 2
The Theory of State Fragmentation

The Limits of Existing Theories of the State and Revolution
Two-Dimensional View of the State as a Concept
Territorial Power of the State
Geopolitical Strain and Resource Shortfalls
Geopolitical Crisis and Secessionism
A Model of Geopolitics and State Fragmentation
Chapter 3
The Fragmentation of the British Empire in North America In the Eighteenth Century

The Expansion and Empire-Building of British North America
From Treaty of Utrecht (1713) to Treaty of Paris (1763)
The Crisis of the British North American Empire, 1763-1776)
The Fragmentation of the British North American Empire and the Rise Of the United States: 1776-1815
Chapter 4
The Fragmentation of the Qing Empire in China in the Nineteenth Century

The Great Expansion and Empire-Building of Qing Dynasty, 1644-1879s
The Crisis of the Qing Empire, 1790-1840s
The Decline and Fragmentation of the Qing Empire, 1840-1910s
Chapter 5
Comparing the American Civil War with the Chinese “Taiping Rebellion” In the Mid-Nineteenth Century

Toward Unification: The American Civil War
Toward Fragmentation; The Taiping Rebellion in Qing China
Lessons to be Learned from American and Chinese Civil Wars
Chapter 6
Fragmentation of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia

The Soviet Union
The Federation of Yugoslavia
Chapter 7
The Geopolitics of Modern China: Why Doesn’t the Communist State Fragment?

The Rise of Chinese Communist Party and State Building
Geopolitically Favored Reform Period and State Consolidation
Rising to be a Global Powerhouse
Geopolitically Induced Geoeconomic “Marchland”
Geopolitical Marginalization of Taiwan
Chapter 8
A Geopolitical Diversity of State Fragmentation:The Cases of Singapore and Czechoslovakia

Themes and Scenarios of Geopolitical Path to State Chance
The Case of Singapore: “Independence Thrust Upon it”
The Case of Czechoslovakia: “Velvet Divorce”
Through “Velvet Revolution”
Final Remarks
Chapter 9
Why Did Ukraine Break Apart and Lose Crimea to Russia?

The Territorial Power of State and Great Came of Geopolitics
The Territorial Crisis of Ukraine
Resurgence of Russian Empire and over-Extension of European Union
Will the West’s Sanctions Deter Russia from Expanding?
Concluding Remarks

Other United States-General Books