Genocide From the Advent of Communism to the End of the Twentieth Century

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This second book on genocide by Arthur Grenke marks an important change in the forces contributing to genocide. Prior to the Russian Revolution acts of genocide were usually committed on the conquered by the conquerors. However, after 1917 the Soviets and later the Nazis initiated programs of mass genocide and set the framework for later genocides that followed during the late 20th century. Victims of genocide were often designated as targets to be destroyed for political, ethnic, religious, and pseudo-scientific reasons. By eliminating the perceived internal threat, those who committed genocide did so with the perception they were creating an idealized society. This study, therefore, provides a comprehensive examination of the different cases of genocide and why genocide was committed during the 20th century. This book concludes by offering measures to prevent future acts of genocide.


“The books, which present a continuous historical narrative from past to present, effectively combine narrative with charts and graphs to demonstrate similarities and differences. Synthesizing a large amount of material, Grenke’s studies can also be a useful reference tool.” – Prof. J. Otto Pohl, University of Ghana

Table of Contents


Part III

Science, Faith and Mass Destruction: Introduction

Mass Destruction and Building the Communist Utopia in the Soviet Union

Transforming Soviet Agriculture and Famine

Mass Destruction and Subjecting the Country to the Will of the Dictator

Slavery, Labour Camps, Mass Destruction,and the Creation of Utopia in the Soviet Union

Ethnic Eleansing under Stalin in the Soviet Union

Nazi War and Revolution

Cleansing the Volksgemeinschaft and the Resultant Destruction of Jews and Gypsies

The Nazi War on European Jewry

The Destruction of the Roma

Nazi Mass Destruction and the Settlement of Germans in Slavic Lands

Nazi Enslavement and Mass Destruction

Nazi Recruitment of Labour from Conquered Countries Concentration Camps: the Exploitation of Camp Labour and Mass Destruction

Establishing the Marxist Utopia in China and Mass Destruction

Slave Labour, Mass Destruction and the Transformation of Society in Communist China

Transformation of Society

Enslavement and the Drive to Transformation

Work Camps, Social Transformation and Mass Destruction

Urban Cleansing, Ethnic Cleansing, and Mass

Destruction in Cambodia


The Genocide

Communist and Nazi Mass Destructions –Similarities and Differences

Part IV

Decolonization, Ethnic Cleansing and Mass Destruction: Introduction

The Disintegration of Yugoslavia and Mass Destruction

Historical Background

The Immediate Causes Leading to Ethnic Cleansing



Ethnic Cleansing and the Destruction of Human Life

Mass Destruction and the Adjustment of Power Relations

Between Former Subjects of the European Colonial Powersin Africa and Asia: Introduction


Cause and Effect

Targeting the Tutsis for Destruction in Rwanda

Burundi and Rwanda

The Mass Murders in Burundi

The Killings in Rwanda

Cause and Effect

East Timor


Isolating and Classifying Dynamics Contributing to Mass Destruction and Genocide

Classifying Mass Destructions According to Magnitude

Mass Destruction and the Perception of the Human Being

Mass Destruction and the Idea of Progress

Countering the Dynamics Contributing to Mass Destruction and Genocide

Types or Patterns of Genocide

Patterns of Mass Destruction from the Past to the Present

The Pattern Evident in All Genocides

Exploring Patterns or Types of Genocide

Recognizing Conflict Situations that may Lead to Genocide in the Future



Appendix A: Graphs illustrating dynamics leading to mass destruction and genocide

Appendix B: Graphs illustrating extent of mass destruction in different genocides

Appendix C: Graphs illustrating extent, over time, of the influence different dynamics had on genocide

Exploring Patterns or Types of Genocide(continued)



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