Etnografia de un Kampong Malayo. Pesca, Subdesarrollo y Multiculturalismo {Ethnograph of the Impact of Politics and Globalization on the Malaysian fishing economy}

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This is the first ethnographical work on Malaysia written in the Spanish-speaking world, and one of the few contributions to the study of the culture and economy of Southeast Asia made in Spain. It makes at this point a relevant contribution to the understanding of the process of underdevelopment and the interconnection between policy and economy in a context of unequal, highly competitive, ethnic and intra-ethnic relationships.
In Spanish.


“. . . brings Spanish-speaking readers into the realm of anthropological traditions and concerns from which they were hitherto excluded. The value of his work and his pioneering spirit will surely be recognized in due course.” – Prof. Joaquin Beltrán Antolín, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

“Like the best anthropology, it shows how the seemingly mundane world of everyday material life is closely related to the culturally constructed symbolic world of religion, ritual and spiritual life.” – Prof. Richard Wilk, Indiana University

“The book poses a transcendental and urgent question: does Malaysia represent a particular case of development or, more exactly, of underdevelopment? In exploring this concrete issue, the ethnographic narrative clarifies the harsh and self-interested question formulated by the colonial power and the ruling political élite: Why have the Malays failed to benefit from economic development? This carefully considered study of a specific sociocultural reality provides valuable keys that provide insight into the deeper meaning of terms such as “economic development,” “modernization” and “modernity.” This may well be Dr. Valenzuela’s finest achievement: he bears faithful witness to how ethnographers are uniquely positioned to elucidate and explain the complex interplay of contradictory economic, political and cultural forces in our contemporary world.” – Prof. Verena Stolcke, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona

Table of Contents

Prólogo del Profesor Joaquín Beltrán Antolín
Foreword by Professor Joaquín Beltrán Antolín
1. La Forja del Crisol Étnico
1. 1. Fundamentos multiculturales de la sociedad malasia.
1. 2. El crepúsculo de la malaya británica.
1. 3. Turbulencias étnicas: el principio del fin colonial.
1. 4. “Merdeka” y la política multiétnica.
1. 5. UMNO y el péndulo democrático-autoritario.
1.6. EpIlogo 1. Historia del multiculturalismo en Malaysia.
2. El Tejido Social o el mundo visible
2. 1. El contexto etnográfico.
2. 2. Rasgos demográficos.
2. 3. La comunidad malaya y la solidaridad grupal.
2.4. El manto normativo-moral.
2. 5. Familia, alianza y parentesco.
2.6. Epílogo 2. Infraestructura, estructura, retroalimentación.
3. Mundo invisible y (re)producción
3.2. El sistema humoral.
3.3. El especialista ritual malayo: mago, sufi y chamán.
3.4. Epílogo 3. Pobreza, sostenibilidad y explotación.
4. La radiografía económica de tuba
4.1. El contexto de la pesca de bajura.
4.2. Las condiciones ecológicas de la pesca.
4.3. La faena pesquera local.
4.4. Esbozo de la productividad pesquera.
4.5. Recursos secundarios: subsistencia versus mercado.
4.6. El mundo de los negocios rurales.
4.7. Epílogo 4. Economía y estereotipo.
5. La política de la pobreza
5.1. La inyección desarrollista.
5.2. La política local.
5.3. Exégesis y lógica del poder local.
5.4. Nepotismo: la genealogía del poder.
5.5. Desarrollo, antagonismo, bloqueo.
5.6. Epílogo 5. Complicidad, mimetismo, depredación.
Conclusión. Crítica a la economía moral

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