Concise History of Political Violence in Algeria 1954-2000, Book 2

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The second of two volumes (they are not sold as a set) continues the history of the wrenching civil war in Algeria from the political violence and post-war eras, and further diagnoses the unsolved crisis and other dynamic forces in Algerian society.

Table of Contents

•Acknowledgments xi-- Preface xiii-- Chronology of Events xix-- Introduction 1vii-- Chapter One: The FLN's historical legacy and its implications for post-war Algeria 1-- 1. The zonal system and its impact on FLN cohesion 5-- 2. The impact of the zonal system on collective leadership and its role in enhancing regionalism and commanders' power supremacy 12-- 3. The impact of the Soummam Conference of 1956 on the aims and perspectives of the future campaign: an endorsement of, or a deviation from, the Algerian Revolution? 15-- a. The Messalist challenge and beyond 34-- b. The Communist challenge 37-- c. Stages of urban offensive 39-- 4. The Communist connection 52-- Chapter Two-- The Islamic factor during and after the war: 69-- features, patterns and post-war FLN-- 1. The Islamic factor during the Algerian War and beyond 69-- 2. Islam and Jihad in Algerian context 76-- 3. Features of Islamic revivalism and the political scene 86-- 4. Leadership and collapse of the FLN 93-- 5. The socio-economic failure of the FLN programme and the rise of the Islamic trend 97-- 6. Liberals versus hard-liners 104-- 7. Kasdi Merbah versus Chadli Bendjedid 106-- Chapter Three-- French counter-guerrilla strategy between deficiency and long-term efficiency 113-- Part One-- The French Colonial Heritage-- 1. French counter-guerrilla strategy in colonial Algeria: between theory and practice 113-- 2. The main obstacles to French counter-insurgency policy 120-- a. French military tactics and failure to copy those of the FLN 121-- b. French reliance on FLN dissident forces and on the concept of the counter-insurgency programme 123-- c. French misperceptions and the limits of La Guerre Revolutionnaire 125-- d. The political instability of governments in France and Algeria and the involvement of the French army in politics 126-- e. Ethnic and political heterogeneity of the French army and its morale in action 129-- Chapter Four-- The untold story of French long-term strategy in Algeria and beyond 135-- Part Two: The French Colonial Heritage-- 1. French long-term strategy and its efficiency 135-- 2. The relevance of domino theory to North Africa 140-- 3. The French policy at work 142-- 4. EMG versus the GPRA 152-- 5. Causes of desertion 153-- 6. The significance of 'Force Locale' and 'Force de L'Ordre' in de Gaulle's long-term strategy 156-- 7. Means of entry into post-war institutions for Algerian collaborators with the French 158-- 8. Parallels between military attitudes of the colonial French and the post-war Algerians 161-- 9. Vocabulary and forms of propaganda 161-- 10. Violence and repression 163-- 11. Institutional censorship and disinformation 165-- Chapter Five-- The rise and fall of the National Liberation Front in Algeria: 1962-92 171-- 1. The National Liberation Front in history and its various policies 171-- 2. The FLN under Ben Bella and Boumedienne 173-- 3. The FLN under Chadli's rule 181-- 4. The last FLN attempt and its fall 190-- Chapter Six-- The National Liberation Front versus the Islamic Salvation Front 197-- 1. Historical legacy of the Algerian Islamic trend and its revival 197-- 2. The FIS Party structure 206-- 3. The FIS ideology 208-- 4. The economic policy of the FIS: strengths and weaknesses 213-- 5. The last FLN temptation and the FIS challenge 216-- 5. The impact of political violence and the state of the economy after the coup 358-- 6. Dialogue between attempts and failures 368-- 7. National and local elections in 1997 and their impact on the political scene 371-- Chapter Nine-- The Algerian army in politics: eradicators versus conciliators 399-- 1. Profile of the Algerian army in politics 399-- 2. Army influence on the presidency 410-- 3. The remarkable resilience of army power 412-- 4. Counter-insurgency between eradication and imperfection 418-- Chapter Ten-- The international dimension of the Algerian crisis 457-- 1. The regional dimension of the Algerian crisis 457-- 2. The Arab and the Eastern link? 459-- 3. Algeria and France 474-- 4. External advocates of dialogue: the United States and the European Union 485-- Conclusion 519-- Appendices 523-- Figures 1-16 524-- Governments and cabinets since the war of independence 540-- Biography of main politicians since the war of independence 573-- General Bibliography 609-- Index 657.

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