The final two chapters are devoted to contemporary philosophic trends and movements. Starting out from a position of post- or non-classical rationality, based on the principles of phenomenology, hermeneutics, and realism, Sergeichik surveys and offers solutions to such widely discussed contemporary questions as the possibility of historical progress, the existence of universal historical laws, the feasibility of a concept of the unity of humanity; and she also talks about the “anthropological crisis of a humanity concerned with the problem of survival”. Special attention is paid to the conceptualization of transitory periods in history, and exploration of such universal concepts as Truth, Reason, Wisdom, Justice, Freedom, Good, Love, and Beauty, and of their role in the historical process. Furthermore, despite the perennial dominance of Marxism-Leninism in twentieth-century Russia, Sergeichik demonstrates a complete and unprejudiced assimilation of the basic principles of modern philosophical thought, and has applied them in this work.
About the author: Elena Sergeichik is a graduate of St.Petersburg State University. She has to her credit more than fifty works on social philosophy, historiosophy, and the history of philosophy.